3DS Plan Orbits presents now Quantity Surveyor Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan as like other courses. The main characteristics are given below related QS Training Course.
In civil project estimation of building project is compulsory before construction.
Material calculation in Quantity Surveyor Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan
Before build up we must be have a knowledge about the total material consumption and with their specifications.
For Building volume software use Revit and for Road volume use Civil 3D.
There are three types of estimation required under primary category in Quantity Surveyor course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan and just one in secondary category.
There are three types of primary estimation category. 1-Labor 2-Machinery 3-Material in Quantity Surveyor Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan Orbits Tech.
There are no proper techniques of determine the labor work. Although the local authorities and administration establish.
Some rules of labor work might be we can follow these rules and regulation.
Usage of machinery in the project estimation is say non labor estimation.
Most important thing is material estimation in the field of quantity surveying.
This is main estimation indeed in Quantity Surveyor course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan 3Ds Plan Orbits Tech.
Estimation especially in Walls Slabs Roof Columns and Beams Foundations and Re bars form also be included.
Walls Material Calculations.
First we calculated volume of object and then divided in ratios.
Length multiply with width and height of walls for volume calculations.
For no. of bricks calculation volume divided 13.5 value as a result total numbers of bricks we can find.
Thereof material of mortar calculation should be 30% of total volume at wet position to convert dry mortar should be multiply with 1.27 value.
Ratios of mortar can be calculated as participation of cement and soft aggregate with ratio formula in Quantity surveyor course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan 3Ds plan orbits tech.
If there are the wall of concrete then should be rations uses between cement sand and coarse aggregate for separation of material calculations.
For the reason of wall foundation it should be necessary that ground ducting under below the wall. Excavation should be make under the instruction of structural engineers drawings.
Length width and depth multiplication as a result volume of excavation there is just volume require and area not more.
Remember that excavation width and depth easily can be determined but length of excavation is refer to the wall length.
For this purpose center line method also we can use.
Steps shows in cross section drawings can be easily calculated according to given drawings.
Steps length width and depth can be measure according to cross section drawings and plan with Quantity Surveyor Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan 3Ds Plan Orbits Tech.
Floor Material Calculation.
Four layers of floor with sizes participate in section drawings Top floor taprazo or finishing floor second pcc concrete third soft aggregate and at very bottom broken bricks.
So the help of map plan dimension we can measure all the volume of objects.
Prior measure of dimension of roof according to plan and thickness given in section drawing.
So as a result volume of roof calculated.
This volume multiply with 1.54 value for the purpose of conversion of dry material.
Thereof now we can divided in ratios Cement : Sand : Conc. for separation of material.
Cement Bag should be divided 1.25 value for gaining of total numbers of Bags.
Square feet area of plaster measure without thickness of plaster.
All the walls roof under side.
Doors and windows sides and bottom or top should be measure for net plaster calculations.
Prior both sides of doors and windows walls plaster area should be executed from net plaster Quantity Surveyor Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan 3Ds Plan orbits tech.
For ratios of plaster material calculation should be total area multiply with their thickness.
First Volume calculated and then its multiply 1.27 value for the purpose of wet to dry conversion.
So The ratios between cement and sand can be extracted now.
Total length of bars calculated with multiply total no. of bars.
Secondly uses the weight formula for calculation of weight.
New rates taken from institutions and market rates for this purpose and than applying to project .
Remember Contengensis Expenses should be added with the value of 3 percent of total project cost.
Secondly should be according to time period of project also look and be hold .
Because if the project going to be long then cost must be increase.
So the rates are automatically going to high.